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Making things with love in Berlin

50 Aniversario del Título Preliminar del Código Civil

La Real Academia de Ciencias Morales y Políticas en colaboración con la Real Academia de Jurisprudencia y Legislación celebran la sesión conmemorativa del 50 Aniversario del Título Preliminar del Código Civil. El acto tendrá lugar el próximo jueves 25 de abril, a las...

De nuevo sobre el certificado sucesorio europeo

Pese a los años transcurridos desde la aprobación del Reglamento (UE) nº 650/2012 y su entrada en vigor (2012 y 2015 para la plena aplicación) la práctica del Certificado sucesorio europeo sigue presentando muchas dudas entre intérpretes y aplicadores de la norma...

Interpretación por el TJUE de las notificaciones extrajudiciales

Las notificaciones internaciones suponen un aspecto muy relevante de la cooperación jurídica en materia civil y mercantil.  En el ámbito europeo la jurisprudencia está referida  aún, en gran parte, al R. (CE) 1393/ 2007, en interpretación que ha recogido la norma hoy...

Algunos principios para el Derecho digital europeo

El Derecho digital, en cuanto tal, no tiene carta de naturaleza, por lo que aún es más difícil inducir de los instrumentos europeos con los que contamos hoy, valores o normas de conducta, que sean susceptibles de ser considerados principios generales en una supuesta...

EU action: green pact and sustainability Pt 2
Jun 21, 2022

The climate, as a common problem linked to the very survival of the human species, is incorporated into the discipline of international law, in its areas of public and private law - civil cooperation in European law - and presents a regulatory profile: compliance, administrative law in which the environment is found, always from a double perspective of competence and hierarchy.

International, particularly European, national and regional regulations can be cited that bring different areas of legislation (such as budget, agriculture, industry, energy and food) closer to the reality of climate change.

International action on climate change sets the general and programmatic lines that will then be converted into specific national regulations following the roadmaps or markers of international action, within the policies that it develops - let us remember that Art. 22 et seq. of the TEU designate these competences.

Therefore, it is the EU that determines the overall environmental policies in the Member States. From an international perspective, climate and climate change is a policy that is part of sustainability. Suffice it to say that it is the philosophy, culture and strategy that leads to the balance of the human species in its environment, as a starting point for biology and ecology and thus for economic activities. Apart from any precedents, the starting point for international awareness of the need for coordinated action in the face of climate change is relatively recent. The United Nations' 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change was adopted on 12 December 2015. It is a commitment that today unites 96 states.

It is worth noting the significant level of commitment reached by the Member States in the decisions taken within the EU Institutions (Interinstitutional Agreement) since the pandemic. Such as the Europe of Health or the monitoring of the Rule of Law.

The result is a roadmap that entails significant diplomatic action. It aims to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change, in the context of sustainable development and efforts to eradicate poverty.

Three months earlier, in September 2015, also at the United Nations General Assembly, decisive action on sustainability was framed by the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) The SDGs are a commitment to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that no one is left behind to enjoy peace and prosperity. Both the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement on climate change are therefore the roadmap for international cooperation on sustainable development, in economic, social, environmental and governance terms. There is a commitment to make progress towards their achievement, with a target date of 2030, without prejudice to the 2040 and 2050 milestones. To this end, the United Nations High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) has been established.

The European Union has signed up to the Sustainable Development Goals, and in the past 2015-2019 and in the current term of office - including the time of the pandemic and perhaps because of it - it is developing an accelerated roadmap to achieve the 2030 target as well as those set for 2040 and 2050 - this year, 2050, the goal of achieving a climate-neutral EU is set.

Relevant milestones include the Green Deal; circular economy; climate law; consumer action and the SLAPP initiative in the field of civil justice. The first major commitment of the SDG era was the Green Deal in 2019.

In its development, among the latest milestones, covering six months (November 2021 to May 2022), important proposals have been put forward by the Commission: to modernise EU legislation on industrial emissions to guide large industry in the long-term green transition; to make sustainable products the norm in the EU; or to promote circular business models and empower consumers for the green transition. Options to mitigate the effects of high energy prices with joint gas purchases and minimum gas storage obligations were presented.

Of particular note is REPowerEU: Joint European action for more affordable, secure and sustainable energy. Indeed, the impact on Europe of Russia's invasion of Ukraine soon led the European Commission to outline a plan to make Europe independent of Russian fossil fuels well before 2030, starting with gas. REPowerEU will seek to diversify gas supplies, accelerate the use of renewable gases and replace gas in heating and power generation.

This could reduce EU demand for Russian gas by two thirds by the end of the year.
Furthermore, a Circular Economy Action Plan was adopted in March 2020. The Plan will make circularity the norm in Europeans' lives and accelerate the green transition of our economy. The EU will provide decisive action to change the first link in the sustainability chain: product design. The transition to a circular economy targets businesses, authorities and consumers who are pioneering this sustainable model in Europe. The Commission will ensure that the transition to a circular economy provides opportunities for all, leaving no one behind by substantially changing consumer policy.

In short, a new opportunity for the Europeans that can no longer be turned back.